Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chikungunya

Chikungunya virus is transmitted to individuals by mosquitoes. The most widely recognized side effects of chikungunya infection disease are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may incorporate headache, muscle torment, joint swelling, or rash. Flare-ups have happened in nations in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found without precedent for the Americas on islands in the Caribbean. There is a hazard that the virus will be foreign made to new zones by contaminated voyagers. There is no antibody to anticipate or pharmaceutical to treat chikungunya infection contamination. Explorers can secure themselves by avoiding mosquito nibbles. When flying out to nations with chikungunya infection, utilize bug repellent, wear long sleeves and jeans, and remain in spots with aerating and cooling or that utilization window and entryway screens.

Symptoms

  • Most of the people infected with chikungunya virus will build up some symptoms.
  • Side effects for the most part start 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
  • The most well-known symptoms are fever and joint torment.
  • Different side effects may incorporate headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
  • Chikungunya sickness does not regularly bring about death, but rather the indications can be serious and debilitating.
  • Most patients feel better inside seven days. In a few people, the joint agony may persevere for quite a long time.
  • Individuals at hazard for more serious sickness incorporate infants contaminated around the season of birth, more established grown-ups (≥65 years), and individuals with therapeutic conditions, for example, hypertension, diabetes, or coronary illness.
  • Once a man has been infected, he or she is probably going to be shielded from future infections.

Diagnosis

  1. The symptoms/side effects of chikungunya are like those of dengue and Zika, diseases spread by similar mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya.
  2. See your doctor in the event that you build up the symptoms depicted above and have gone by a zone where chikungunya is found.
  3. On the off chance that you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider: when and where you traveled.
  4. Your healthcare provider may arrange blood tests to search for chikungunya or other comparative viruses like dengue and Zika.

Treatment

  • There is no proper vaccine to prevent or defined medicine to treat chikungunya virus.
  • Don’t take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine.
  • Plenty of rest.
  • Drink water and other fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take medicine like acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and joint pain.
  • If you are taking medicine for other medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional treatment.
  • If you have chikungunya, prevent mosquito bites for the first week of your weakness.

 

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